Pentingnya Motivasi Pasien

Motivasi adalah serangkaian sikap dan nilai-nilai yang mempengaruhi individu untuk mencapai hal yang spesifik sesuai tujuan individu. Setiap individu memiliki motivasi yang berbeda beda tergantung pada tujuan yang dimilikinya. Motivasi kerja yang dimiliki perawat ketika bekerja dapat mempengaruhi proses asuhan keperawatan dan hasil dari asuhan itu sendiri. Artinnya pelayanan yang diberikan kepada pasiennya akan dapat dirasakan ketika perawat dalam memberikan asuhan keperawatan dalam kondisi motivasi rendah ataupun motivasi yang tinggi.

Lalu apa itu motivasi kerja? Motivasi kerja adalah dorongan yang menyebabkan seseorang mau melaksanakan suatu pelayanan yang menjadi tugas dan tanggung jawabnya. Banyak para ahli yang menggali faktor faktor yang dapat meningkatkan motivasi. Salah satu teori menurut ahli yaitu yang disampaikan oleh Abraham Maslow, terdiri dari :

  1. Kebutuhan Fisiologi

Kebutuhan yang berkaitan langsung dengan kebutuhan fisik manusia, seperti makan, minum, pakaian, tempat tinggal, kesehatan badan dan lain sebagainya.

  1. Kebutuhan Akan Rasa Aman

Kebutuhan akan kebebasan dari ancaman, baik yang bersumber dari lingkungan kerja atau lingkungan sosial. Atau terbebas dari ancaman akan sebuah peristiwa. Misalnya terbebas dari kekerasan fisik dan psikologis. Kepastian status kerja dan status penghasilannya.

  1. Kebutuhan Sosial (Rasa Cinta, Kasih Sayang, serta Hak Kepemilikan)

Kebutuhan untuk berinteraksi dengan orang lain, seperti kerja sama dengan orang lain dalam tim, kebutuhan pernikahan, pertemanan, persahabatan, dan lain sebagainya

  1. Kebutuhan Mendapatkan Penghargaan

Kebutuhan untuk menghargai diri sendiri maupun mendapatkan penghargaan dari orang lain. Misalnya mendapatkan hadiah atau jabatan tertentu sebagai hasil dari pencapaianya.

  1. Kebutuhan untuk Mengaktualisasikan Diri

Kebutuhan untuk mampu memaksimalkan keahlian, kemampuan dan potensi diri yang dimiliki. Misalnya dalam menghadapi tantangan atau tugas tugas yang diberikan kepadanya.

Teori motivasi yang lain yang disampaikan oleh Clayton Alderfer yang dikenal dengan teori ERG, yang merupakan kebutuhan hirarki, terdiri dari Eksistensi (E), Relatedness ( R) dan Growth (G). Eksistensi (E) merupakan kebutuhan yang dapat dipenuhi oleh faktor faktor seperti makanan, minuman, upah, dan kondisi kerja. Yang merupakan kebutuhan fisiologis dan keamanan. Relatedness ( R) merupakan kebutuhan yang dapat dipenuhi denga hubungan sosial, hubungan antarindividu, yang didalam kebutuhan Maslow yaitu pada kebutuhan rasa memiliki, sosial dan cinta. Growth (G) merupakan kebutuhan yang dapat dipuaskan jika seseorang memiliki kontribusi yang kreatif dan produkstif, yang jika menurut Maslow merupakan kebutuhan harga diri dan aktualisasi diri.

Dan banyak lagi teori yang lain tentang motivasi, perawat dalam melaksanakan asuhan keperawatan kepada pasien selain memerlukan motivasi namun juga harus mampu memotivasi pasien. Perawat dapat mencari dan menemukan faktor faktor yang menjadi sumber motivasi pasien.

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